Jukani Wildlife Sanctuary, Plettenberg Bay, Garden Route Adventures South Africa
All About Snakes
some snakes have amazing colours
fun facts about snakes you might not know

Snake’s scales are made up of something called Keratin, which is the same thing that our fingernails are made from.
  
Mother Pythons will coil themselves around their eggs and make their bodies shiver in order to heat herself up and keep her eggs warm until they hatch.
  
The biggest snake is the Reticulated Python. It can grow up to 11 meters or 36 feet long!
  
The thickest snake is the Anaconda. The biggest one found measured 111 centimeters or 44 inches around. That's huge!
  
The Thread snake is the smallest snake. It is only about 10 centimeters (4 inches long) and the size of a toothpick.
  
Vine snakes are remarkable because they appear to have binocular vision.

Out of about 3,000 species of snakes, only about 350 have venom that is dangerous to humans. .
 
Snakes are the deadliest animal on earth, killing over 100,000 people each year.

Many Zookeepers believe that Cobras are faster learners than other snakes. They are able to tell the difference between their trainer and strangers.

The ancient Greek god, Asklepios, was thought to be a healer of the sick and injured. People would take an offering to the temple and wait for Asklepios to, either come to them in their dreams or send his servants, the snake, to help them. One touch of the forked tongue was all they thought they needed to heal them. The healing snake was the Aesculapian snake. The Romans would bring this snake into their temples rather than the Greek healers. To this day the Aesculapian snake forms part of the symbols representing physicians and veterinarians.

This would be funny to watch! The Hognose, Grass snake and the Spitting Cobra will fake death when feeling threatened. They flip into their backs, open their mouths, and let their tongue flop out. And they will let out some smelly stuff from their anal gland. Nobody would want to eat it after that!

A reticulated python, named Colossus, was the largest snake that ever lived in a zoo. She lived at the Pittsburgh Zoo in Pennsylvania. Clifford Pope, the author of a book entitled “The Giant Snakes” reported that she was 22 feet long when she was captured in Thailand in 1949. Eight years later she grew to 8.69 m (28 ½ feet) long. Her body was 69 cm (37 ½ inches) around and her weight was around 145 kg (320 pounds). 

 
Snakes smell with their tongue. Smell is their strong sense. 
 
The snake’s forked tongue allows the snake to know the direction of the smell. 
 
Snakes are deaf, but they can sense sound vibrations. 

Snakes have poor eyesight.

Snakes do not chew; they swallow their prey as a whole (frogs, rats, birds, etc.). .
 
Snakes use their front fangs to hold (not chew) their prey. 
 
The upper and bottom jaws of a snake are not connected, enabling the snake’s mouth to be flexible enough to open wide and swallow large prey. A snake can swallow prey that is 4 times the width of its head.

Some snake species reproduce by laying eggs; others reproduce by keeping fertilized eggs inside them and delivering the baby snakes after the eggs hatch within the body.

A venomous snake usually has a broader head that bulges out behind the eyes where the snake stores its venom

Venomous snakes store their venom in glands located next to each eye. 
 
Snake venom is made out of a variety of enzymes and proteins. 
 
Most snakes spread their venoms through biting. However, a few, such as cobras, can spit their venom at a target about 5-7 feet away. Snake venom does not hurt the skin—its poison could hurt eyes or open wounds.

Snakes have poor eyesight.
Snakes have poor eyesight.

Snakes smell with their tongues
Snakes smell with their tongues

Snakes are deaf, but they can sense sound vibrations
Snakes are deaf, but they can sense sound vibrations

Snakes use their front fangs to hold (not chew) their prey
Snakes use their front fangs to hold (not chew) their prey



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